Models, predictions and pathways
Tools for analysing alternative climate futures. Scientists use climate and atmospheric modelling to understand how the climate works and how greenhouse gas concentrations and other triggers lead to climate change. Models help scientists make predictions about climate changes resulting from biological, physical, and chemical variables, such as greenhouse gas emissions and land use changes. Emission pathway scenarios are developed to understand what emission limits are needed to meet climate stabilisation points, such as avoiding a two-degree rise in surface temperature.